LAUNDERING: Laundering actions and individuals via aggregation into symbols, objects and entities
LOADING: Loading with emotional or moral sentiments
FRAMING: Framing by selection of causes and properties
OVERLOADING: Overloading by production of a multitude of arguments
THE COSMOPOLITAN TECHNIQUE: CRITIQUE: Using all of the above to defend a straw man by attacking with overloading, framing, loading and laundering. An elaborate means of distraction from a hidden agenda.
THE GERMAN TECHNIQUE – KANTIAN: an attempt to justify moral authority independent of experience.
THE ANGLO TECHNIQUE – POSTMODERNISM: an attempt to conflate fact and value, such that value distorts fact.