(by James Augustus Berens)
Position Along Spectrum of Information:
Religion and Ritual:
(*) Ratio-empirical Consequentialism: human action under complete, operational information produces deterministic consequences.
(2) Stoicism: partial but actionable information. Action and cognition directed towards the immediately calculable, operational, actionable.
(1) Shinto: partial (approaching random) information. Action and cognition directed towards the replicable: precise repetition of ritual in addition to ancestor and nature worship, respectively.
(0) Buddhism: random, in-actionable information. In-actionable information creates a preference for avoidance/disassociation. Action directed towards escaping conceptualization, accounting and calculation: escapism via meditation.
(-1) Christianity: partial construction of collective misinformation. Action and cognition directed towards group in attempt to extend kinship altruism and create feelings of [physical] security + belonging (social security).
(-2) Islam: near-complete construction of, and dependence upon, collective misinformation. Action and cognition directed towards demonstrating and enforcing submission through high-cost of ritual and opportunistic warfare against dissenters