THE BEST ANSWER I KNOW OF
The reason we are in this post-enlightenment political and pseudoscientific debacle is that Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Hegel, Marx, and Nietzsche had very different beliefs about human nature – they expressed their own Aristocratic, Middle Class, and Underclass perceptions of man. And today we see Nietzschean(‘Aryan’), Hobbesian (authoritarian), Lockean (libertarian), Rousseauian (Social-Democratic) and Marxist(socialist and communist) SELF PROJECTIONS of the nature of man. When in reality, our physical brains are structured in a spectrum from the very masculine(Aryan), to the very feminine (Marxist), and we are totally incognizant of our cognitive biases.
So the first problem is understanding MAN before we can judge rule, government, politics, economics, norms, and religion. And that is provided by science. Then we can understand Politics.
OUR MINDS (PREPARE YOU)
Jeff Hawkins: On Intelligence (The Brain)
Daniel Kahneman: Thinking, Fast and Slow (The Mind)
Simon Baron-Cohen: The Essential Difference (The Cognitive Biases)
Jonathan Haidt: The Righteous Mind (The Moral Intuition)
Paul Fussell: Class (the class biases)
Francis Fukuyama: Trust (The Political Objective)
MAN (POLITICAL ORDERS)
Matt Ridley: The Red Queen
Dale Petersen: Demonic Males
William Tucker: Marriage and Civilization
Nicholas Wade: A Troublesome Inheritance: Genes, Race and Human History
Peter Turchin: Ultrasociety: How 10,000 Years of War Made Humans the Greatest Cooperators on Earth
Garett Jones: Hive Mind: How Your Nations IQ Matters So Much More Than Your Own
Francis Fukuyama: Political Order and Political Decay
THE UNIQUENESS OF THE WEST (IF YOU ARE INTERESTED)
Ricardo Duchesne: The Uniqueness of Western Civilization
JP Mallory: In Search of Indo Europeans
John Keegan: A History Of Warfare
Emmanuel Todd: The Explanation of Ideology
Emmanuel Todd: The Invention of Europe
Karen Armstrong : The Great Transformation
Bryan Ward-Perkins: The Fall of Rome: And the End of Civilization
THE NATURAL COMMON LAW (Rule of Law)
Milsom: Natural History of the Common Law.
Plucknett: A Concise History Of The Common Law.
Hayek’s: The Constitution of Liberty
20th CENTURY CONTEXT (WHAT WENT WRONG)
Stephen Hicks : Explaining Postmodernism
Hans Hoppe: Democracy The God That Failed