William L. Benge

Unwarrantable positions are not punishable if they are not materialized into the commons. Personally held opinions which cannot be constructed into a viable argument or claim are either premature or presumption.

We can take from this the true nature of the popular habit of airing one’s opinion to peers: infantilism by gossip.

Now, OTOH, if a group of persons is exploring a matter then contributions are transmitted and received by the same discretion (reciprocity).

But these transmissions do not reach the level of published theory, or declared truth-claim. They’re exploratory. Many errors must be presented in the process of singling out the least erroneous, for the one most truthful.

This discretion cannot be granted to a party declaring a truth-claim.

It must be warranted.