Obviously, since black participation is relatively meaningless. European civilization’s empiricism begins 4500 years ago. We dragged mankind kicking and screaming out of ignorance, poverty, superstition, disease, hard labor, and tyranny – kicking and screaming all the while. Both in the early bronze age, the ancient world, and the modern world, with a brief halt to our achievements during the Abrahamic (jewish, christian, muslim) Dark Ages.