by Candice Mary

Human beings have been shown to use both of these strategies, and studying different cultures, tribes and societies reveals that some use either one or the other consistently and others use both within the society, others lean towards one way or to the other, depending on the socioeconomic strata of the individuals involved.

TOURNAMENT SPECIES
-Males have distinct and exaggerated physical characteristics that differ from Females
-Males are larger than Females
-Males highly aggressive and compete with one another for dominance
-Females attracted to signs of health and strength. largest male in group, for protection.
-higher testosterone,
-males have decreased life span vs women
-Males have numerous sexual partners
-Females most often the only involved parent
-male abandons females and offspring
-very rarely produce twins
-distribution of offspring focused on fewer males of the group, but highest reproductive rate per male.
-Gene selection is via the dominant male combat first before mating then winner mates with ALL females

PAIR BONDING SPECIES
-male and female more equivalent in size
(Think of animals that you cant tell gender vs the ones you can tell with a naked eye)
-women attracted to mates who are more like themselves, than their opposites
-females look for traits in males better suited for equal roles equal parenting unit
-females delay mating, first expect to be “courted”, to assess potential mate to prove he is dedicated, consistent, and will be a provider for offspring. (Female Birds act helpless to see how a mate reacts, if he’ll hunt for and feed her worms like a baby. Testing paternal instincts)
-less testosterone among males
-Often females are a bit larger in size
-twins much more common
-equal distribution of males having offspring
-females may get bored and sometimes abandon mate and offspring to find another partner to reproduce.
(Women lose interest)

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