(FB 1546303804 Timestamp)
um. …. Shakespeare’s English is early-modern English, not old English (Anglo-Saxon) or Middle English;
The difference between early modern and modern english is (a) pronunciation was pretty gaelic-sounding, and (b) quite a few words in early modern have fallen out of use.
Middle English ( 1100-1500)
The Lord governeth me, and no thing schal faile to me.
In the place of posture there he hath set me.
He nurschide me on the water of refreischyng.
Early Modern English (King James Bible, 1611)
The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want.
He maketh me to lie down in green postures.
He leadeth me beside the still waters.
Major historical Periods of the English Language
1 – Old English AD 449- AD 1066
2 – Middle English 1066-1509
3 – Early Modern English 1509-1755
4 – Present Day English 1755-present
Her for se here of East Englum ofer HumbremuÃ¾an to Eoforwicceastre on NorÃ¾hymbre, ond Ã¾Ã¦r wÃ¦s micel ungeÃ¾uÃ¦rnes Ã¾Ã¦re Ã¾eode betweox him selfum, ond hie hÃ¦fdun hiera cyning aworpenne Osbryht, ond ungecyndne cyning underfengon Ãllan; ond hie late on geare to Ã¾am gecirdon Ã¾Ã¦t hie wiÃ¾ Ã¾one here winnende wÃ¦run, ond hie Ã¾eah micle fierd gegadrodon, ond Ã¾one here sohton Ã¦t Eoforwicceastre, ond on Ã¾a ceastre brÃ¦con, ond hie sume inne wurdon, ond Ã¾Ã¦r was ungemetlic wÃ¦l geslÃ¦gen NorÃ¾anhymbra, sume binnan, sume butan; ond Ã¾a cyningas begen ofslÃ¦gene, ond sio laf wiÃ¾ Ã¾one here friÃ¾ nam.
(Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, A.D. 867)
Whan that aprill with his shoures soote
The droghte of march hath perced to the roote,
And bathed every veyne in swich licour
Of which vertu engendred is the flour;
Whan zephirus eek with his sweete breeth
Inspired hath in every holt and heeth
Tendre croppes, and the yonge sonne
Hath in the ram his halve cours yronne,
And smale foweles maken melodye,
That slepen al the nyght with open ye
(so priketh hem nature in hir corages);
Thanne longen folk to goon on pilgrimages,
And palmeres for to seken straunge strondes,
To ferne halwes, kowthe in sondry londes;
And specially from every shires ende
Of engelond to caunterbury they wende,
The hooly blisful martir for to seke,
That hem hath holpen whan that they were seeke.
(Geoffrey Chaucer, Canterbury Tales, c. 1400)
Early Modern English
To be, or not to be, that is the Question:
Whether ’tis Nobler in the minde to suffer
The Slings and Arrowes of outragious Fortune,
Or to take Armes against a Sea of troubles,
And by opposing end them: to dye, to sleepe
No more; and by a sleepe, to say we end
The Heart-ake, and the thousand Naturall shockes
That Flesh is heyre too? ‘Tis a consummation
Deuoutly to be wish’d. To dye to sleepe,
To sleepe, perchance to Dreame; I, there’s the rub,
For in that sleepe of death, what dreames may come,
When we haue shuffel’d off this mortall coile,
Must giue vs pawse. There’s the respect
That makes Calamity of so long life
(William Shakespeare, Hamlet, c. 1600, First Folio)